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Kedah / 吉打


吉打州(马来语:Kedah)位于马来西亚(马来半岛)西北部,北部与玻璃市州和泰国的宋卡府及惹拉府为邻,南部和西南部与霹雳州及槟城州为邻。吉打州被暹罗统治的时期,被称为Syburi。

加上浮罗交怡岛的吉打总面积约9425平方公里,总人口约1778188人。2003年的种族比例是:马来人(1,336,352人)、华人(252,987人)、印度人(122,911人)、非公民(35,293)和其他(27,532)。

吉打州的首府是亚罗士打(Alor Setar)。其他的主要城市有双溪大年(Sungai Petani)和居林(Kulim)。位于岸外的浮罗交怡岛(Langkawi,汉语圈常译为兰卡威)是吉打州的一个著名的旅游胜地。

除此之外,吉打州盛产稻米,是马来西亚的“鱼米之乡”。马来西亚的国父也是第一任首相的东姑阿都拉曼与第四任首相敦马哈迪医生都来自此州。

Kedah also known by its honorific, Darul Aman, or "Abode of Peace" is a state of Malaysia, located in the northwestern part of Peninsular Malaysia. The state covers a total area of over 9,000 km², and it consists of the mainland and Langkawi. The mainland has a relatively flat terrain, which is used to grow rice. Langkawi is an archipelago of islands, most of which are uninhabited. 

Kedah was called Kadaram (Tamil:காடாரம்) by ancient and medieval Tamil people and Syburi (Thai: ไทรบุรี; Sai Buri) by the Siamese when it was under their influence.

To the north, Kedah borders the state of Perlis and shares an international boundary with the Songkhla and Yala provinces of Thailand. It borders the states of Perak to the south and Penang to the southwest.

The state's capital is Alor Setar and the royal seat is in Anak Bukit. Other major towns include Sungai Petani, and Kulim on the mainland, and Kuah on Langkawi.

As of 2010 the population of Kedah is 77.2% Muslim, 14.2% Buddhist, 6.7% Hindu, 0.8% Christian, 0.3% Taoist or Chinese religion follower, 0.7% follower of other religions, and 0.1% non-religious.