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MELAKA / 马六甲




马六甲(又译麻六甲,马来语:Melaka,爪夷文:ﻣﻼﻙ‎,英语:Malacca,葡萄牙语:Malaca),简称甲州,是马来西亚的一个州,在马来半岛南部,濒临马六甲海峡,首府马六甲市,有古城之称。马六甲州面积1,650平方公里,人口约73万。

古时明史记载为满剌加,被葡萄牙侵占后,改称麻六甲。根据联合国教科文组织于2008年7月7日的加拿大魁北克当地时间上午9时30分(大马时间9时30分)召开的世界文化遗产大会,宣布马六甲市正式被列入世界遗产名录。

截至2010马六甲的人口是82万1110人,其中78万6957人为大马公民,或占95.84%,非公民则有3万4153人或4.16%。

数据显示,马六甲人口男性占41万2387人,其中39万639名是公民,2万1748名是非公民。女性则是40万8723人,其中39万6318名是公民,1万2405名为非公民。马六甲的平均人口增长率为2.6%,全马为2.0%。


Malacca (Malay: Melaka), dubbed "The Historic State", is the third smallest Malaysian state after Perlis andPenang. It is located in the southern region of the Malay Peninsula, next to the Straits of Malacca. It bordersNegeri Sembilan to the north and Johor to the south.

The capital is Malacca City, which is 148 kilometres (92 miles) south east of Malaysia's capital city Kuala Lumpur, 235 kilometres (146 miles) north west of Johor's largest city Johor Bahru, and 95 km (59 miles) north west of Johor's second largest city, Batu Pahat. This historical city centre has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008.

Malacca has a population of 821,110 as of 2010.The ethnic composition of the state is Malays 63%, Chinese: 25.3% including the Peranakan community; Indians, including the Chitty people: 6%; Kristang, people with partial Portuguese ancestry: a small community; Dutch Eurasians, Eurasians with Dutch ancestry: a minority within the Malacca Eurasian community.