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Negeri Sembilan / 森美兰



森美兰(马来语:Negeri Sembilan,爪夷文:نڬري سمبيلن)‎,在马来语是“九个州”的意思)是马来西亚位于马来半岛西海岸的一个州属。

森美兰州首府是芙蓉(马来语:Seremban)。芙蓉市又名“花城”,因为首府里的许多住宅区都是以花卉来命名。州王宫所在地位于神安池(马来语:Seri Menanti)。有别于马来半岛其他州属君主的世袭制,森美兰州的君主称为最高统治者(也称“严端”),而并非苏丹。最高统治者是由州内四大部落即双溪芙蓉、林茂、日叻务和柔河的酋长选出的。

大马公民中(970604人)主要以马来人土著为主(58.3%),华人(24%),印度人(15.7%),其他土著(1.57%),其他(0.43%)。在包括非大马公民方面中,马来人土著为主(55.8%),华人(23%),印度人(15%),其他土著(1.5%),其他(0.43%),非大马公民(4.27%)。大概40%的人口都居住在芙蓉县,而且芙蓉县也是州内人口最密集的区域。其余6成人口则分布在其他县。州内的华人以客家人为主,因为地理环境靠近吉隆坡,大部分芙蓉人皆以粤语交谈。而南部靠近马六甲州和柔佛州的市镇则一般都以华语或福建话沟通。


Negeri Sembilan (Malay pronunciation: [ˈnəgəri səmbiˈlan]), one of Malaysia's thirteen states, lies on the western coast of Peninsular Malaysia, just south of Kuala Lumpur and borders Selangor on the north, Pahang in the east, and Malacca and Johor to the south.

The name is believed to derive from the nine (sembilan) villages or nagari in the Minangkabau language (now known as luak) settled by the Minangkabau, a people originally from West Sumatra (in present-day Indonesia). Minangkabau features are still visible today in traditional architecture and the dialect of Malay spoken.

Unlike the hereditary monarchs of the other royal Malay states, the ruler of Negeri Sembilan is known as Yang di-Pertuan Besar instead of Sultan. The election of the Ruler is also unique. He is selected by the council of Undangswho lead the four biggest districts of Sungai Ujong, Jelebu, Johol, and Rembau, making it one of the more democratic monarchies.

The capital of Negeri Sembilan is Seremban. The royal capital is Seri Menanti in the district of Kuala Pilah. Other important towns are Port Dickson and Nilai.

The Arabic honorific title of the state is Darul Khusus ("the Special Abode").

The ethnic composition in 2010 was:Malay (590,089 or 57.8%), Chinese (223,271 or 21.9%), Indian (146,214 or 14.3%), Others (3,583 or 0.35%) Non Citizens(57,907 or 5.7%).