Penang / 槟城

槟城,亦称“槟州”。(马来语:Pulau Pinang,意为槟榔之岛、英语:Penang)是马来西亚十三个联邦州属之一,位于马来亚半岛西北侧,整个槟城被槟威海峡分成两部分:槟岛和威省,而孙中山先生著名的庇能会议就在槟城举行。威省的东和北部与吉打州为邻,南部与霹雳州为邻;槟岛西部隔马六甲海峡与印尼苏门答腊岛相对。光大、槟威大桥、极乐寺和升旗山为槟城著名地标。首府乔治市是马来西亚的第二大都会区。


Penang is a state in Malaysia and the name of its constituent island, located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia by the Strait of Malacca. The island of Penang is called Penang Island or Penang City.

Penang state is bordered by Kedah in the north and east, and Perak in the south. It is composed of two parts — Penang Island, where the seat of government is, and Seberang Perai (formerly Province Wellesleyin English) on the Malay Peninsula.

Highly urbanised and industrialised Penang is one of the most developed and economically important states in the country, as well as a thriving tourist destination. Penang has the third-highest Human Development Index in Malaysia, after the state of Selangor and the federal territory of Kuala Lumpur. Its heterogeneous population is highly diverse in ethnicity, culture, language, and religion. A resident of Penang is colloquially known as a Penangite.