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Perlis / 玻璃市


玻璃市(马来语:Perlis),马来西亚最小的州,所以没有县份单位,简称玻州。玻璃市的首府是加央(Kangar),亚娄(Arau)是玻州的皇城,也是皇殿所在地,位于加央以东十公里处。其他主要城镇如巴东勿刹(Padang Besar),位于马泰边界。玻璃市港口(Kuala Perlis)是玻璃市河的河口,是前往对岸浮罗交怡(Pulau Langkawi)及泰南沙敦的渡头与玻州主要渔业港口。加基武吉(Kaki Bukit)因昔日盛产锡矿而发展,其他小镇包括新路(Pauh)、马打亚逸(Mata Ayer)、双弄(Sanglang)、十字港(Simpang Empat)、新港(Sungai Baru)、柏斯里(Beseri)、武吉格蒂里(Bukit Keteri)、旺吉连(Wang Kelian)、朱宾(Chuping)。

按2010年统计,玻璃市州人口达220,110人,马来人193,641人(87.98%)、华人17,522人(7.96%)、泰裔5,329人(2.41%)、印度人2,675人(1.22%)、其他土著943人(0.43%)、人口密度是273.56人/平方公里。除了联邦直辖区,玻璃市州是第4人口稠密州属,位于槟城、雪兰莪、马六甲之后。

主要居民是马来人、华人、泰裔、印度人及其他。“唐暹”是华人与泰裔通婚的后代,在玻州亦算普遍,主要因为华人与泰裔多生活在同一个社区,也可能是相同信仰佛教而容易融合。

Perlis is the smallest state in Malaysia. It lies at the northern part of the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and has the Satun and Songkhla Provinces of Thailand on its northern border. It is bordered by the state of Kedah to the south. The formal name of Perlis is Perlis Indera Kayangan. It was called Palit (Thai: ปะลิส) by the Siamese when it was under their influence. Perlis had a population of 227,025 as of 2010.

The capital of Perlis is Kangar, and the Royal capital is Arau. Another important town is Padang Besar, at the Malaysia–Thailand border. The main port and ferry terminal is at the small village of Kuala Perlis, linking mostly to Langkawi Island. Perlis has a famous snake farm and research center at Sungai Batu Pahat. Among the main tourist attractions are Perlis State Park and Gua Kelam.

The ethnic composition for the year 2000 in Perlis was: Malay (174,805 or 79.74%), Chinese (21,058 or 9.6%), Indian (2,658 or 1.21%) and others (20,690 or 9.45%).As of 2010 the population of Perlis is 87.9% Muslim, 10.0% Buddhist, 0.8% Hindu, 0.6% Christian, 0.2% Taoist or Chinese religion followers, 0.3% followers of other religions, and 0.2% non-religious.