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Sarawak / 砂拉越


砂拉越(马来语:Sarawak,旧译、沙捞越、沙劳越、砂劳越或砂罗越),简称砂或砂州,是马来西亚面积最大的州,北婆三邦之一。

砂拉越位于东马,是马来西亚最大的州,地处婆罗洲北部,东北角连接马来西亚沙巴和文莱,南面跟印度尼西亚为界。砂拉越海岸线长达五百英里。砂拉越地处赤道边缘,位于东经109°36′-115°40′,北纬0°50′-5°。它是一个高温多雨的地方。沿海地带,年平均气温为25-30°,内陆为22-28°。砂拉越年平均雨量为160英寸,十一月至三月是雨季,七月雨量最少。

地势是东南高而西北低与印尼加里曼丹接壤的地方,为海拔2500-4000英尺的高山地带。在高山地带和沿海平原之间多是海拔800-1500英尺。砂拉越的河流是由东南流向西北。砂拉越交通不发达多是水路。拥有马来西亚最长的河流——拉让江,全长大约560公里。毛律山是砂拉越州最高峰,约2,438米。

Sarawak is one of the two Malaysian states on the island of Borneo. It is also one of the founding members of the Malaysian federation alongside Crown Colony of North Borneo (Sabah), Singapore(expelled in 1965) and the Federation of Malaya (Peninsula Malaysia or West Malaysia). Like Sabah, this territory has an autonomous law especially in immigration, which differentiate it from the rest of the Malaysian Peninsula states. Today, the state is known as Bumi Kenyalang ("Land of the Hornbills").

Sarawak is situated on the northwest of Borneo, bordering the state of Sabah to the northeast, Indonesia to the south, and surrounding the independent state of Brunei. The administrative capital is Kuching, which has a population of 700,000.Major cities and towns include Miri (pop. 350,000), Sibu (pop. 257,000) and Bintulu(pop. 200,000). As of the last census (2010), the state population was 2,420,009.