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Selangor / 雪兰莪




雪兰莪(马来语:Selangor;简称雪州),马来西亚十三州之一,位于马来半岛西海岸中部,首府莎阿南(马来语:Shah Alam)是一个新兴城市。全境环绕吉隆坡和布城这两个联邦直辖区,北部与霹雳州为邻、东部接彭亨州南部与森美兰州为邻。雪兰莪和吉隆坡常合称为雪隆。

雪兰莪是马来西亚最富裕的州属,州政府在2005年8月27日正式宣布该州为马来西亚的第一个先进州属。

雪兰莪州是马来西亚人口最多的州属,2010年人口计有5,411,324 人。种族比例是:马来人 52.9% ,华人 27.8% ,印度人 13.3% ,其他种族 6% .雪兰莪是马来西亚的交通和工业中心,因为经济的发达,也引进了不少的外籍劳工,是马来西亚引进最多外籍劳工的州属,这些外籍劳工主要来自邻近的印尼、菲律宾、越南、缅甸、孟加拉、印度、巴基斯坦、中国、尼泊尔等。其中有不少的外籍劳工非法入境,特别是来自印尼的非法移民,使得雪兰莪的人口急速增长。

Selangor also known by its Arabic honorific, Darul Ehsan, or "Abode of Sincerity" is one of the 13 states of Malaysia. It is on the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia and is bordered by Perak to the north, Pahang to the east, Negeri Sembilan to the south and the Strait of Malacca to the west. It surrounds the federal territories of Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya, both of which were once under Selangor's territorial sovereignty.

The state capital is Shah Alam, however the first city in Selangor, and the royal capital is Klang. Another major urban centre is Petaling Jaya which was awarded city status on 20 June 2006. Selangor is one of only two Malaysian states with more than one city; the other is Sarawak. Selangor has the largest city in Malaysia and it is growing rapidly due to modernisation in the Klang Valley.

Selangor has the largest population in Malaysia at 5,411,324 as of 2010.The state's ethnic composition consists of Malay 57.1%, Chinese 28.6%, Indian 13.5%, and other ethnic groups 0.8%.